Melghat on Health Front
Government of India has provided Health Care facilities which includes a total 11 primary health centers, 2 rural hospitals & a sub-district hospital in Melghat region. There are two pediatricians who serve in this region however no gynecologist or anesthetist or surgeon works in the area. There is absolutely no facility for conducting cesarean section or neonatal care for new born critically ill babies.
Various health programs are implemented by the Government to improve infant and child care in this area, including integrated child development schemes for food supplementation by Self Help Groups (SHGs) and weight record of children, immunization, de worming and distribution of oral re hydration solution (ORS) by the paramedic workers.
Inspite of above,main issues in Melghat were high Premature adults deaths, Maternal mortality rate, malnutrition & deaths to due that & home deliveries (>80%.) [Under 5 children mortality rate was >100 per 1000 live births & Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) was >70 per 1000 live birth. Prevalence of sever malnutrition was more than 10%.]
This is due lack of proper & functional medical facilities (availability of doctors, staff, medicines, instruments etc.)and the tribals owing to their ignorance have consistently failed to seek medical help, instead prefer the traditional faith healers (known as bhoomka's) for treatment. These quacks also known as pujari's sometimes use cruel methods such burning the skin with red hot iron known as "Damma".
Besides, this area is faced with several other health issues such as tuberculosis (pulmonary, skin and spine), pneumonia, malaria, diarrhoea, etc. To add, problems due to addiction (Tobacco, Ganja, Addiction) such as carcinoma, alcoholic gastritis,etc & animal bites are very prevalent.